List of Kings and Queens

List of Kings and Queens


TitleNameYear BornAgeCountry FromCountry's WikiSinceLength (As of November 23 2022)HouseTypeName of Heir to the ThroneLink of Heir to the ThroneReference LinkNotes (Bio)Net WorthSpouse's NameSpouse's Wiki Link
April 30, 2013
9 years 203 days
Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange
Willem-Alexander is interested in sports and international water management issues. Until his accession to the throne, he was a member of the International Olympic Committee (1998‚Äď2013), chairman of the Advisory Committee on Water to the Dutch Minister of Infrastructure and the Environment (2004‚Äď2013), and chairman of the Secretary-General of the United Nations' Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (2006‚Äď2013).
M√°xima Zorreguieta Cerruti
October 13, 2016
6 years, 37 days
Dipangkorn Rasmijoti
He is the wealthiest monarch in the world, with a net worth estimated to be between US$30 billion and US$70 billion.
Soamsawali Kitiyakara
Tupou VI
March 18, 2012
10 years, 246 days
Tupouto Ľa  ĽUlukalala
In 1998 he ended his military career to become part of the government, first as simultaneous defense minister and foreign minister from October 1998 until August 2004. He took over these posts from his elder brother Tupouto Ľa, at that time still the crown prince, later to become King Siaosi Tupou V. He was later appointed as Prime Minister on 3 January 2000, a function he kept until his sudden resignation on 11 February 2006. The reason has never been made clear, but was likely connected to pro-democracy protests calling since mid-2005 for a lesser role of the royal family in government, later culminating in the 2006 Nuku Ľalofa riots. His appointed successor, Feleti Sevele, was Tonga's first prime minister who was not a hereditary estate holder or a member of the 33 noble families that make up the Tongan aristocracy.
Nanasipau Ľu Vaea
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
June 25, 2013
9 years, 147 days
Al Thani
Abdullah bin Hamad Al Thani
Tamim is the fourth son of Emir Hamad bin Khalifa. He became heir apparent in 2003 when his older brother Sheikh Jassim renounced his claim to the throne. He became emir when his father abdicated in 2013. Tamim has been involved in efforts to raise Qatar's international profile through hosting sports events, as well as buying Paris Saint-Germain F.C.
Jawaher bint Hamad Al Thani
Saudi Arabia
January 23, 2015
7 years, 301 days
Al Saud
Mohammed bin Salman
Salman's major initiatives as king include the Saudi intervention in the Yemeni Civil War, Saudi Vision 2030, and a 2017 decree allowing Saudi women to drive. His son, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, is considered the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia, due to the King's poor health and his own political maneuvering.
Sultana bint Turki Al Sudairi
July 21, 2013
9 years, 121 days
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant
Philippe was born on 15 April 1960 at the Belvédère Castle in Laeken north of Brussels. His father, Prince Albert, Prince of Liège (later King Albert II), was the second son of King Leopold III of Belgium and a younger brother of Baudouin. His mother, Paola, Princess of Liège (later Queen Paola), is a daughter of the Italian aristocrat Fulco VIII, Prince Ruffo di Calabria, 6th Duke of Guardia Lombarda. His mother descends from the French House of La Fayette, and the king is a descendant of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, and Marie Adrienne Françoise de Noailles.
Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz
Norodom Sihamoni
October 14, 2004
18 years, 36 days
Hereditary and elective
The then Prince Sihamoni first began his education in 1959, where he attended Norodom School, followed by Lycée Descartes School in Phnom Penh, developing a keen interest in the arts early on in his life.
Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
September 29, 2020
2 years, 51 days
Al Sabah
Hereditary and elective (presumably Mishal Al-Ahmad)
Nawaf is one of the most senior members of the House of Sabah. At 25, he was appointed governor of Hawalli on 21 February 1962 and held the post until 19 March 1978. He was Minister of Interior from 1978 to 26 January 1988, when he was appointed Minister of Defense. Following the liberation of Kuwait in the Gulf War, Nawaf was appointed the acting minister of labor and social affairs on 20 April 1991 and held the post until 17 October 1992. Following his appointment to the cabinet in 1991, a group of senior military officers sent a letter to Jaber al-Ahmad, the Emir at the time, demanding that Nawaf, the minister of defense during the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, and Salem al-Sabah, the minister of interior during the invasion, be dismissed from the government and investigated for Kuwait's lack of military preparedness on the day of the invasion. As a result, Nawaf was not appointed to a cabinet-level position until 2003.
Sharifa Sulaiman Al-Jassim
May 1, 2019
3 years, 202 days
Fumihito, Prince Akishino
Continuing his grandfather's and father's boycott over the enshrinement of convicted war criminals, he has never visited Yasukuni Shrine. Naruhito is interested in water policy and water conservation, and likes to play viola. He was an honorary president of the 2020 Summer Olympics and 2020 Summer Paralympics and is a supporter of the World Organization of the Scout Movement.
Masako Owada
Mswati III
April 25, 1986
36 years, 208 days
Hereditary and elective
Mswati was introduced as crown prince in September 1983 and was crowned king on 25 April 1986, aged 18 years and 6 days, thus making him one of the youngest reigning monarchs of the late 20th century, before surpassed by Oyo, who was crowned leader of the Tooro kingdom when only 3 in 1995. The king and his mother, whose title is Indlovukati ("Great She-Elephant"), rule jointly.
15 wives concurrently Inkhosikati LaMasango (eighth wife)
Mohammed VI
July 23, 1999
23 years, 120 days
Moulay Hassan, Crown Prince of Morocco
Mohammed has vast business holdings across several economic sectors in Morocco. His net worth has been estimated at between US$2.1 billion and over US$8.2 billion, and, according to the American business magazine Forbes, he was the richest king in Africa and the fifth wealthiest monarch in the world.
Salma Bennani
Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
United Arab Emirates
May 14, 2022
189 days
Al Nahyan
Hereditary and elective (presumably Khaled bin Mohamed Al Nahyan)
Mohamed is the third son of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who was the first president of the UAE and the ruler of Abu Dhabi. Zayed died in November 2004 and was succeeded in his posts by his eldest son, Mohamed's half-brother Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed. When Khalifa suffered a stroke in January 2014, Mohamed became the de facto ruler of Abu Dhabi, controlling almost every aspect of UAE policymaking.He was entrusted with most day-to-day decision-making of the emirate of Abu Dhabi as the crown prince of Abu Dhabi.[4] Academics have characterized Mohamed as the strongman leader of an authoritarian regime. In 2019, The New York Times named him as the most powerful Arab ruler and one of the most powerful men on Earth. He was also named as one of the 100 Most Influential People of 2019 by Time. After the death of Sheikh Khalifa on 13 May 2022, Mohamed became the ruler of Abu Dhabi; he was elected to the presidency of the United Arab Emirates the next day.
Salama bint Hamdan Al Nahyan
Margrethe II
January 14, 1972
50 years, 309 days
Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark
Margrethe is known for her strong archaeological passion and has participated in several excavations, including in Italy, Egypt, Denmark and South America. She shared this interest with her grandfather Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, with whom she spent some time unearthing artefacts near Etruria in 1962.
Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
Letsie III
February 7, 1996
26 years, 285 days
Lerotholi Seeiso
He was installed as the Principal Chief of Matsieng on 16 December 1989. His coronation took place on 31 October 1997 at Setsoto Stadium. Charles, Prince of Wales attended the ceremony. On 1 December 2016, in Rome, King Letsie III was appointed as the Food and Agriculture Organization's newest Special Ambassador for Nutrition by the Organization's Director-General, José Graziano da Silva.
Anna MotŇ°oeneng
Joan Enric Vives i Sicília
May 12, 2003
19 years, 191 days
Ex officio
Vives i Sic√≠lia was born in 1949 in Barcelona as the third son of Francesc Vives i Pons and of Corn√®lia Sic√≠lia Ib√°√Īez, who were small retailers. He entered the seminary in 1965 and studied humanities, philosophy and theology. In 1974, Vives was ordained a priest in his native parish Santa Maria del Taulat de Barcelona. He was later nominated as auxiliary bishop of Barcelona and titular bishop of Nona in 1993, and consecrated to the episcopacy and automatically became a member of the Spanish Episcopal Conference. Pope John Paul II nominated him as coadjutor bishop of Urgell in 2001. After two years, on the retirement of his predecessor Joan Mart√≠ Alanis in 2003, he succeeded him as Bishop of Urgell on 12 May 2003, and hence therefore as co-prince of Andorra in the Principality of Andorra located in the heights of the Pyrenees Mountains. On 10 July 2003, he carried out the Constitutional Oath as the new Co-Prince of Andorra at "Casa de la Vall", Andorra la Vella. Vives i Sic√≠lia was later elevated to archbishop as a personal title by Pope Benedict XVI in March 2010.
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
December 14, 2006
15 years, 339 days
Jigme Namgyel
After completing his higher secondary studies at Yangchenphug High School, Khesar was educated in the United States at Phillips Academy in Andover and at Cushing Academy in Ashburnham, where he finished high school. He then studied at Wheaton College in Massachusetts before completing the Diplomatic Studies Program at Magdalen College, Oxford.
Jetsun Pema
October 7, 2000
22 years, 43 days
Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Henri has four siblings: Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria (born 1954), Prince Jean of Luxembourg (born 1957), Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein (born 1957) and Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg (born 1963). On 12 November 1964, when Henri was nine, his grandmother's abdication and his father's subsequent accession as grand duke made him heir apparent. As the grand duke's eldest son, he automatically took the title of Hereditary Grand Duke
María Teresa Mestre y Batista
Hassanal Bolkiah
October 5, 1967
55 years, 45 days
Al-Muhtadee Billah
The sultan has been ranked among the wealthiest individuals in the world. In 2008, Forbes estimated the sultan's total peak net worth at US$20 billion. Following the death of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom in 2022, the Sultan is currently the world's longest-reigning current monarch, as well as the longest-serving current head of state. On 5 October 2017, the sultan celebrated his Golden Jubilee to mark the 50th year of his reign on the throne.
Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha Hajah Mariam Azrinaz Mazhar
Harald V
January 17, 1991
31 years, 306 days
Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
Following the death of his grandfather Haakon VII in 1957, Harald became crown prince as his father became king. A keen sportsman, he represented Norway in sailing at the 1964, 1968, and 1972 Olympic Games, and later became patron of World Sailing. Harald married Sonja Haraldsen in 1968, their relationship having initially been controversial due to her status as a commoner. They have two children, Märtha Louise and Haakon. Harald became king following his father's death in 1991, with Haakon becoming his heir apparent.
Sonja Haraldsen
Hans-Adam II
November 13, 1989
33 years, 6 days
The Hereditary Prince Alois (currently Prince Regent)
In 1956, he entered the Schottengymnasium in Vienna. In 1960, he transferred to the Lyceum Alpinium Zuoz in Switzerland, earning a Swiss Matura and a German Abitur in 1965. He then worked as a bank trainee in London before enrolling at the University of St. Gallen to study business administration, graduating with a licentiate in 1969. He is fluent in English and French in addition to his native German.
Countess Marie Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
March 6, 1999
23 years, 258 days
Al Khalifa
Salman, Crown Prince of Bahrain
After attending Manama secondary school in Bahrain, Hamad was sent to England to attend Applegarth College in Godalming, Surrey before taking a place at The Leys School in Cambridge. Hamad then underwent military training, first with the British Army at Mons Officer Cadet School at Aldershot in Hampshire, graduating in September 1968. Four years later, in June 1972, Hamad attended the United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth in Kansas, graduating the following June with a degree in leadership.
Sabika bint Ibrahim Sheia bint Hassan Hessa bint Faisal Manal bint Jabor
Haitham bin Tariq
January 11, 2020
2 years, 312 days
Al Said
Hereditary (presumably Theyazin bin Haitham)
Prior to becoming sultan, Haitham served for multiple decades in the cabinet of Sultan Qaboos bin Said, his cousin. He was Minister of Heritage and Culture from 2002 to 2020. Sultan Qaboos named Haitham as his successor in his will, and he was proclaimed sultan on 11 January 2020, hours after Qaboos's death.
Ahad bint Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Busaidiyah
Vatican City
March 13, 2013
9 years, 251 days
Francis maintains the views of the church regarding abortion, clerical celibacy, and the ordination of women, but has initiated dialogue on the possibility of deaconesses and has made women full members of dicasteries in the Roman Curia. He maintains that the church should be more open and welcoming for members of the LGBT community. Francis is an outspoken critic of unbridled capitalism and free market economics, consumerism, and overdevelopment; he advocates taking action on climate change, a focus of his papacy with the promulgation of Laudato si'. In international diplomacy, he helped to restore full diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba, supported the cause of refugees during the European and Central American migrant crises, and made a deal with the People's Republic of China to define how much influence the nation has in appointing their Catholic bishops. He has faced criticism from theological conservatives on many questions, especially what some interpret as his suggestion in a footnote of Amoris Laetitia that divorced and remarried Catholics may be admitted to receive the Eucharist.
Felipe VI
June 19, 2014
8 years, 153 days
Leonor, Princess of Asturias (Presumptive heir)
Felipe ascended the throne on 19 June 2014 upon the abdication of his father. His reign has been marked by his dissolution of the Spanish Parliament in 2016 so that new elections could be called, strong condemnation of the Catalonian independence referendum, the COVID-19 pandemic, and moves towards greater transparency in royal affairs. A 2021 study concluded that Spaniards in the left remain extremely distrustful of the monarchic institution, and perceive Felipe VI as being far removed from expectations of political neutrality
Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
Emmanuel Macron
May 14, 2017
5 years, 189 days
Ex officio
Macron was appointed √Člys√©e deputy secretary-general by President Fran√ßois Hollande shortly after his election in May 2012, making him one of Hollande's senior advisers. He was appointed to the Government of Prime Minister Manuel Valls as Minister of Economics, Industry and Digital Affairs in August 2014. In this role, Macron championed a number of business-friendly reforms. He resigned in August 2016, launching a campaign for the 2017 presidential election. Although Macron had been a member of the Socialist Party from 2006 to 2009, he ran in the election under the banner of En Marche, a centrist and pro-European political movement he founded in April 2016.
Brigitte Trogneux
Charles III
Antigua and BarbudaAustraliaThe BahamasBelizeCanadaGrenadaJamaicaNew ZealandPapua New GuineaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSolomon IslandsTuvaluUnited Kingdom
September 8, 2022
72 days
William, Prince of Wales
As Prince of Wales, Charles undertook official duties and engagements on behalf of the Queen. He founded the youth charity the Prince's Trust in 1976, sponsors the Prince's Charities, and is a patron, president, or a member of over 400 other charities and organisations. He has advocated for the conservation of historic buildings and the importance of architecture in society. A critic of modernist architecture, Charles worked on the creation of Poundbury, an experimental new town based on his architectural tastes. He is also an author or co-author of over 20 books. An environmentalist, Charles supported organic farming and action to prevent climate change during his time as the manager of the Duchy of Cornwall estates, earning him awards and recognition from environmental groups; he is also a prominent critic of the adoption of genetically modified food. His support for homeopathy and other alternative medicine has been criticised.
Diana Spencer Camilla Parker Bowles
Carl XVI Gustaf
September 15, 1973
49 years, 65 days
Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
He is the youngest child and only son of Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. His father died on 26 January 1947 in an airplane crash in Denmark when Carl Gustaf was nine months old. Upon his father's death, he became second in line to the throne, after his grandfather, the then Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf. Following the death of his great-grandfather, King Gustaf V, in 1950, Gustaf Adolf ascended the throne and thus Carl Gustaf became Sweden's new crown prince and heir apparent to the throne at the age of four.
Silvia Sommerlath
Albert II
April 6, 2005
17 years, 227 days
Jacques, Hereditary Prince of Monaco
With assets valued at more than $1 billion, Albert owns shares in the Société des Bains de Mer, which operates Monaco's casino and other entertainment properties in the principality In July 2011, Prince Albert married South African Olympic swimmer Charlene Wittstock. He has four children, American-born Jazmin Grace Grimaldi, French-born Alexandre Grimaldi-Coste and the twins Princess Gabriella and Hereditary Prince Jacques.
Charlene Wittstock
January 31, 2019
3 years, 292 days
Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah; born 30 July 1959) has reigned as the 16th Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia and the 6th Sultan of Pahang since January 2019. He was proclaimed as sultan on 15 January 2019, succeeding his father, Sultan Ahmad Shah, whose abdication was decided at a Royal Council meeting on 11 January 2019.
Abdullah II
February 7, 1999
23 years, 285 days
Hereditary and elective (presumably Hussein, Crown Prince of Jordan)
Abdullah, a constitutional monarch, liberalized the economy when he assumed the throne, and his reforms led to an economic boom which continued until 2008. During the following years Jordan's economy experienced hardship as it dealt with the effects of the Great Recession and spillover from the Arab Spring, including a cut in its petroleum supply and the collapse of trade with neighboring countries. In 2011, large-scale protests demanding reform erupted in the Arab world. Many of the protests led to civil wars in other countries, but Abdullah responded quickly to domestic unrest by replacing the government and introducing reforms to the constitution and laws governing public freedoms and elections. Proportional representation was introduced to the Jordanian parliament in the 2016 general election, a move which he said would eventually lead to establishing parliamentary governments. The reforms took place amid unprecedented challenges stemming from regional instability, including an influx of 1.4 million Syrian refugees into the natural resources-lacking country and the emergence of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Rania Al-Yassin